World Encyclopedia of Cars
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Jaguar

Jaguar

Jaguar company takes its origin from the firm, founded in 1925 by William Lyons and William Walmsley. The company was named Swallow Sidecar (abbreviated SS) and produced bath tubes. When a serious profit was not brought, Lyons decided to go into the production of car bodies, and one of his first orders was an order to develop a body for Austin Seven. The development has been successful, and then orders for bodywork of Fiat 509A, Morris Cowley and Wolseley Hornet were subsequently fulfilled. However, Lions decided not to stop there and to make his own car. On London autoshow in 1931 the company announced SSI and SSII models. Then came the turn of Jaguar SS 90 and Jaguar100 - they were named by Lyons. In 1945 the company was renamed as Jaguar. In 1948 Jaguar XK120 was recognized as the fastest production car - it accelerated up to 126 km/h.

In 1966 Jaguar consolidated with British Motor. In 1984 Jaguar was bought by Ford. By now Jaguar produces very expensive and high-quality English luxury sport cars. Last development of company named Jaguar X-Type is full-driven middle class sedan.

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